Efectividades de la terapia convencional y campo electromagnético de 60 Hz en la sinovitis de rodilla postraumática en deportistas competitivos

Esmirna Cascaret Fonseca, Andrés Ferrer Acosta, Eduardo Pérez Téllez, Leonardo Mesa Torres, Ángel Orestes Pérez Jane, Idalia González Ferro, Argenis Rodríguez Cascaret, Amed Gata Molina, Ernesto Lázaro Sánchez Cascaret, Luis Enrique Bergues Cabrales

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Introducción: la sinovitis de rodilla postraumática es frecuente en hombres y mujeres que practican deportes.

Objetivo: evaluar las efectividades de la terapia convencional y el campo electromagnético de frecuencia extremadamente baja de 60 Hz en pacientes con sinovitis de rodilla postraumática.

Métodos: se realizó un Estudio Piloto longitudinal y controlado. Se trataron 82 pacientes (52 masculinos y 30 féminas) con sinovitis de rodilla postraumática y edades entre 15 y 35 años de edad. Ellos se agruparon al azar en dos grupos experimentales, uno que incluyó 39 pacientes tratados con la terapia convencional (crioterapia + ibuprofeno + dipirona) y otro formado por 43 pacientes que recibieron el campo electromagnético de frecuencia extremadamente baja de inducción magnética 11 mT, frecuencia 60 Hz y tiempo de exposición 20 min. Se usaron la Escala Visual Analógica, el examen físico y el ecografía para evaluar las efectividades de estos dos tipos de terapia.

Resultados: se disminuyeron los grados de dolor, examen físico y ecografía en todos los pacientes al final de este estudio para cada tipo de terapia. Los promedios del índice de efectividad analgésica fueron 61,31 y 97,17% para la terapia convencional y el campo electromagnético de frecuencia extremadamente baja de 60 Hz, respectivamente.

Conclusiones: la sinovitis de rodilla postraumática es más magneto-sensible que crio-sensible lo que se corresponde con la mayor eficacia del campo electromagnético de frecuencia extremadamente baja respecto a la de la terapia convencional.

Palabras clave

sinovitis de rodilla postraumática; criterapia; campo electromagnético de frecuencia extremadamente baja de 60 Hz; Escala Visual Analógica; Ecografía


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